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Defining property tax

Property tax is an ad valorem tax on real estate that is computed by a local government and paid by the property owner. Normally, the tax is based on the property value, and this includes land. The local government uses the assessed tax to finance public schools, sewerage and water supply improvements, provide fire services, law enforcement and other services that are considered to be necessary

Explaining property tax

New York Property Tax

The property taxes that are collected are utilized by the government that has jurisdiction in the area where the property is located. The money finances highway and road construction, education, public servants and other community services. Property tax rates and other forms of properties that are taxed differ from one jurisdiction to another. Therefore, it is important to check the applicable tax laws when buying a property.


In nearly all OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, taxes on immovable property constitutes a low proportion of federal revenue in comparison with value-added and income taxes. But the rate in the US is significantly higher than in a lot of European countries. Various pundits and empiricists have advocated for the raising of property rates in developed countries. They assert that the certainty and market-rectifying nature of the tax promotes proper development and stability of real estate.

Property tax calculation

Whats is Property Tax?

Property taxes are calculated by multiplying the property tax rate by the latest market value of the properties under consideration. The majority of tax bodies will recalculate the tax rate every year. Most property taxes are charged on real property whose legal definition is given by the state bureaucracy. Real property encompasses the land, fixed buildings and other structures. Personal assets (for example TVs and clothes) are not charged property taxes.

Eventually, property owners are bound by the rates set by the municipal authorities. A municipality will engage a tax assessor who assesses the property in the locality. In a number of areas, the tax assessor might be elected. The assessor will charge property taxes based on current market values. This value is taken to be the home’s assessed value.

The property tax payment schedule differs from one locality to another. In the majority of local property tax codes, there are structures that enable a property owner to talk about their tax rate with their assessor. If property taxes remain unpaid, the taxing authority can place a lien on the property. Before purchasing a property, buyers must always conduct a comprehensive review of the outstanding liens.